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The C.I.A. and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan  - Steve Coll

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Directorate S: The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan by Steve Coll
Requirements: .MP3 reader, 774MB
Overview: Resuming the narrative of his Pulitzer Prize-winning Ghost Wars, bestselling author Steve Coll tells for the first time the epic and enthralling story of America’s military and diplomatic efforts to defeat Al Qaeda and the Taliban in Afghanistan and Pakistan since 9/11 

Prior to 9/11, the United States had been carrying out small-scale covert operations in Afghanistan, ostensibly in cooperation, although often in direct opposition, with I.S.I., the Pakistani intelligence agency. While the US was trying to quell extremists, a highly secretive and compartmentalized wing of I.S.I., known as “Directorate S.,” was covertly training, arming, and seeking to legitimize the Taliban, in order to enlarge Pakistan’s sphere of influence. After 9/11, when fifty-nine countries, led by the U. S., deployed troops or provided aid to Afghanistan in an effort flush out the Taliban and Al Qaeda, the U.S. was set on an invisible slow-motion collision course with Pakistan. 

Today we know that the war in Afghanistan would falter badly because of military hubris at the highest levels of the Pentagon, the drain on resources and provocation in Muslim world caused by the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, and corruption fed by N.A.T.O contracting and C.I.A. deal-making. But more than anything, as Coll makes painfully clear, the war in Afghanistan was doomed because of the failure of the United States to apprehend the motivations and intentions of I.S.I.’s “Directorate S.” This was a swirling and shadowy struggle of historic proportions, which endured over a decade and across both the Bush and Obama administrations, involving multiple secret intelligence agencies, a litany of incongruous strategies and tactics, and dozens of players, including some of the most prominent military and political figures. A sprawling American tragedy, the war was an open clash of arms but also a covert melee of ideas, secrets, and subterranean violence.

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Creation Date: Thu, 13 Sep 2018 18:39:19 -0400
This is a Multifile Torrent
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 30.mp3 36.16 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 02.mp3 261.31 KBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 03.mp3 647.22 KBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 04.mp3 8.11 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 05.mp3 14.31 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 06.mp3 20.9 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 07.mp3 25.79 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 08.mp3 23.4 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 09.mp3 29.45 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 10.mp3 24.9 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 11.mp3 11.91 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 12.mp3 15.23 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 13.mp3 24.43 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 14.mp3 18.88 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 15.mp3 18.75 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 16.mp3 22.83 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 17.mp3 19.26 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 18.mp3 14.13 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 19.mp3 15.95 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 20.mp3 19.02 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 21.mp3 14.11 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 22.mp3 21.93 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 23.mp3 27.87 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 24.mp3 25.73 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 25.mp3 20.34 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 26.mp3 27.91 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 27.mp3 27.28 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 28.mp3 14.62 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 29.mp3 15.21 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 01.mp3 197.02 KBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 31.mp3 22.32 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 32.mp3 19.27 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 33.mp3 16.11 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 34.mp3 20.87 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 35.mp3 28.48 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 36.mp3 23.2 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 37.mp3 20.17 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 38.mp3 23.22 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 39.mp3 30.98 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 40.mp3 20.59 MBs
Directorate S The C.I.A. and America’s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan (Unabridged) - 41.mp3 353.76 KBs
Combined File Size: 785.07 MBs
Piece Size: 512 KBs
Comment: thanks madmagz
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